Breaking Down the STSOL List: Top In-Demand Occupations for Australia Immigration


The STSOL (Short-term Skilled Occupation List) is a list of occupations that are considered in demand in Australia for the 190 General Skilled Migration visa and the temporary visa subclass, namely the Subclass 482 Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) visa. The STSOL list is designed to respond to the short-term labor market needs of the country.


The STSOL is regularly reviewed and updated to reflect the changing demands of the Australian labor market. It is divided into two parts: Part A and Part B. Part A lists occupations that are subject to a caveat, which means that additional requirements apply for visa eligibility. Part B lists occupations that do not have a caveat.


Eligibility for a Subclass 482 TSS visa


  • have a relevant occupation on the STSOL
  • meet the English language requirement
  • meet the relevant skills and qualification requirements for the occupation
  • meet the character and health requirements
  • have a sponsor who is an approved Australian employer


Eligibility for a Subclass 190 Australia visa


  • have a relevant occupation on the STSOL
  • meet the English language requirement
  • have a positive skill assessment
  • score a minimum 65 points
  • meet the relevant skills and qualification requirements for the occupation
  • meet the character and health requirements
  • lodge an expression of interest
  • receive an invitation to apply from a State or Territory


STSOL occupation additions and removals


Occupations are added or removed from the STSOL based on the findings of the Department of Jobs and Small Business. This department monitors the labor market conditions in Australia and identifies which occupations are experiencing labor shortages.


The STSOL is designed to prioritize occupations that require a high level of skill and are in demand in the short-term. The list is reviewed on an ongoing basis to ensure that it remains relevant and up-to-date.


Applications for the 190 visa and the TSS visa are often made in good faith when an occupation is listed on the STSOL as in-demand. What often happens is that during the course of an application the occupation gets removed from the list. In this instance of you have already been invited to apply for your visa then your application will continue.


On the other hand, if you have not received your invitation to apply then your expression of interest will stay live although with no chance of receiving an invitation to apply unless the nominated occupation is re-added to the STSOL list.


STSOL vs State Lists


The STSOL (Short-term Skilled Occupation List) is different from the state occupation lists in Australia. While the STSOL is a national list of occupations that are considered to be in demand across the country, the state occupation lists are specific to each state or territory in Australia.


State occupation lists are designed to address the specific needs and demands of each state or territory. These lists may include occupations that are not on the STSOL but are still considered to be in demand in that particular state or territory.


Some states or territories also have their own visa programs such as the Skilled Nominated visa (Subclass 190) or the Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) visa (Subclass 491). These programs may have their own occupation lists which are separate from the STSOL.


It is important for applicants to check both the STSOL and the relevant state occupation list to determine if their occupation is in demand and eligible for a particular visa program. The eligibility criteria and requirements may vary between different visa programs and state occupation lists. An easy way to do this check is by taking a Free Visa Assessment.

Full STSOL List


aquaculture farmer121111VETASSESS
cotton grower121211VETASSESS
flower grower121212VETASSESS
fruit or nut grower121213VETASSESS
grain, oilseed or pasture grower (Aus) / field crop grower (NZ)121214VETASSESS
grape grower121215VETASSESS
mixed crop farmer121216VETASSESS
sugar cane grower121217VETASSESS
vegetable grower (Aus) / market gardener (NZ)121221VETASSESS
crop farmers (nec)121299VETASSESS
beef cattle farmer121312VETASSESS
dairy cattle farmer121313VETASSESS
mixed livestock farmer121317VETASSESS
pig farmer121318VETASSESS
poultry farmer121321VETASSESS
sheep farmer121322VETASSESS
livestock farmers (nec)121399VETASSESS
mixed crop and livestock farmer121411VETASSESS
sales and marketing manager131112AIM
advertising manager131113AIM
corporate services manager132111VETASSESS
finance manager132211(a) CPAA; or (b) IPA; or © CAANZ
human resource manager132311AIM
research and development manager132511VETASSESS
production manager (forestry)133511VETASSESS
production manager (manufacturing)133512VETASSESS
production manager (mining)133513VETASSESS
supply and distribution manager133611AIM
health and welfare services managers (nec)134299VETASSESS
school principal134311VETASSESS
education managers (nec)134499VETASSESS
ICT project manager135112ACS
ICT managers (nec)135199ACS
arts administrator or manager139911VETASSESS
laboratory manager139913VETASSESS
quality assurance manager139914VETASSESS
specialist managers (nec) except:(a) ambassador; or (b) archbishop; or © bishop139999VETASSESS
cafe or restaurant manager141111VETASSESS
hotel or motel manager141311VETASSESS
accommodation and hospitality managers (nec)141999VETASSESS
customer service manager149212VETASSESS
conference and event organiser149311VETASSESS
transport company manager149413VETASSESS
facilities manager149913VETASSESS
dancer or choreographer211112VETASSESS
music director211212VETASSESS
music professionals (nec)211299VETASSESS
visual arts and crafts professionals (nec)211499VETASSESS
artistic director212111VETASSESS
book or script editor212212VETASSESS
director (film, television, radio or stage)212312VETASSESS
film and video editor212314VETASSESS
program director (television or radio)212315VETASSESS
stage manager212316VETASSESS
technical director212317VETASSESS
video producer212318VETASSESS
newspaper or periodical editor212412VETASSESS
print journalist212413VETASSESS
technical writer212415VETASSESS
television journalist212416VETASSESS
journalists and other writers (nec)212499VETASSESS
company secretary221211VETASSESS
commodities trader222111VETASSESS
finance broker222112VETASSESS
insurance broker222113VETASSESS
financial brokers (nec)222199VETASSESS
financial market dealer222211VETASSESS
stockbroking dealer222213VETASSESS
financial dealers (nec)222299VETASSESS
financial investment adviser222311VETASSESS
financial investment manager222312VETASSESS
recruitment consultant223112VETASSESS
ICT trainer223211ACS
gallery or museum curator224212VETASSESS
health information manager224213VETASSESS
records manager224214VETASSESS
organisation and methods analyst224712VETASSESS
patents examiner224914VETASSESS
information and organisation professionals (nec)224999VETASSESS
advertising specialist225111VETASSESS
marketing specialist225113VETASSESS
ICT account manager225211VETASSESS
ICT business development manager225212VETASSESS
ICT sales representative225213VETASSESS
public relations professional225311VETASSESS
technical sales representatives (nec) including education sales representatives225499VETASSESS
fashion designer232311VETASSESS
industrial designer232312VETASSESS
jewellery designer232313VETASSESS
graphic designer232411VETASSESS
web designer232414VETASSESS
interior designer232511VETASSESS
urban and regional planner232611VETASSESS
primary school teacher241213AITSL
middle school teacher (Aus) / intermediate school teacher (NZ)241311AITSL
education adviser249111VETASSESS
art teacher (private tuition)249211VETASSESS
dance teacher (private tuition)249212VETASSESS
music teacher (private tuition)249214VETASSESS
private tutors and teachers (nec)249299VETASSESS
teacher of English to speakers of other languages249311VETASSESS
occupational health and safety adviser251312VETASSESS
hospital pharmacist251511APharmC
industrial pharmacist251512VETASSESS
retail pharmacist251513APharmC
health promotion officer251911VETASSESS
health diagnostic and promotion professionals (nec)251999VETASSESS
acupuncturist252211Chinese Medicine Board of Australia
traditional Chinese medicine practitioner252214Chinese Medicine Board of Australia
complementary health therapists (nec)252299VETASSESS
dental specialist252311ADC
resident medical officer253112MedBA
nurse educator254211ANMAC
nurse researcher254212ANMAC
nurse manager254311ANMAC
web developer261212ACS
software tester261314ACS
database administrator262111ACS
systems administrator262113ACS
network administrator263112ACS
network analyst263113ACS
ICT quality assurance engineer263211ACS
ICT support engineer263212ACS
ICT systems test engineer263213ACS
ICT support and test engineers (nec)263299ACS
judicial and other legal professionals (nec)271299VETASSESS
careers counsellor272111VETASSESS
drug and alcohol counsellor272112VETASSESS
family and marriage counsellor272113VETASSESS
rehabilitation counsellor272114VETASSESS
student counsellor272115VETASSESS
counsellors (nec)272199VETASSESS
social professionals (nec)272499VETASSESS
recreation officer272612VETASSESS
welfare worker272613ACWA
anaesthetic technician311211VETASSESS
cardiac technician311212VETASSESS
medical laboratory technician311213AIMS
pharmacy technician311215VETASSESS
medical technicians (nec)311299VETASSESS
meat inspector311312VETASSESS
primary products inspectors (nec)311399VETASSESS
chemistry technician311411VETASSESS
earth science technician311412VETASSESS
life science technician311413VETASSESS
science technicians (nec)311499VETASSESS
architectural draftsperson312111VETASSESS
building inspector312113VETASSESS
architectural, building and surveying technicians (nec)312199VETASSESS
mechanical engineering technician312512TRA
metallurgical or materials technician312912VETASSESS
mine deputy312913VETASSESS
hardware technician313111TRA
ICT customer support officer313112TRA
web administrator313113ACS
ICT support technicians (nec)313199TRA
aircraft maintenance engineer (avionics)323111TRA
aircraft maintenance engineer (mechanical)323112TRA
aircraft maintenance engineer (structures)323113TRA
textile, clothing and footwear mechanic323215TRA
metal fitters and machinists (nec)323299TRA
precision instrument maker and repairer323314TRA
watch and clock maker and repairer323316TRA
vehicle body builder324211TRA
vehicle trimmer324212TRA
roof tiler333311TRA
business machine mechanic342311TRA
cabler (data and telecommunications)342411TRA
telecommunications linesworker342413TRA
butcher or smallgoods maker351211TRA
dog handler or trainer361111VETASSESS
animal attendants and trainers (nec)361199VETASSESS
veterinary nurse361311VETASSESS
gardener (general)362211TRA
landscape gardener362213TRA
print finisher392111TRA
printing machinist392311TRA
dressmaker or tailor393213TRA
furniture finisher394211TRA
wood machinist394213TRA
wood machinists and other wood trades workers (nec)394299TRA
chemical plant operator399211TRA
power generation plant operator399213TRA
library technician399312VETASSESS
camera operator (film, television or video)399512TRA
make up artist399514TRA
sound technician399516TRA
performing arts technicians (nec)399599VETASSESS
ambulance officer411111VETASSESS
intensive care ambulance paramedic411112VETASSESS
dental technician411213TRA
diversional therapist411311VETASSESS
enrolled nurse411411ANMAC
massage therapist411611VETASSESS
community worker411711ACWA
disabilities services officer411712VETASSESS
family support worker411713VETASSESS
residential care officer411715VETASSESS
youth worker411716ACWA
diving instructor (open water)452311VETASSESS
gymnastics coach or instructor452312VETASSESS
horse riding coach or instructor452313VETASSESS
snowsport instructor452314VETASSESS
swimming coach or instructor452315VETASSESS
tennis coach452316VETASSESS
other sports coach or instructor452317VETASSESS
sports development officer452321VETASSESS
sportspersons (nec)452499VETASSESS
contract administrator511111VETASSESS
program or project administrator511112VETASSESS
insurance loss adjuster599612VETASSESS
insurance agent611211VETASSESS
retail buyer639211VETASSESS




The STSOL is different from the Medium and Long-term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL). The MLTSSL is a list of occupations that are considered to be in demand in the long-term and is used for a range of skilled migration visas, including the Subclass 189 Skilled Independent Visa and the Subclass 190 Skilled Nominated Visa. Occupations on the STSOL are only considered for the Subclass 190 Skilled Nominated Visa or the TSS vsia.


There are additional requirements that must be met for occupations listed in Part A of the STSOL. These requirements may include a minimum salary level, a specific work experience or qualification or a requirement for the position to be located in a specific regional area.


Applicants who have an occupation on the STSOL may be eligible for a Subclass 482 TSS visa with a validity period of up to two years. This visa may be renewed once, for a further two years, if the occupation remains on the STSOL.


The STSOL is subject to change at any time. It is important for applicants to check the list regularly to ensure that their occupation is still eligible for a Subclass 482 TSS visa.


If you have questions about the STSOL and your eligibility to immigrate to Australia take a Free Visa Assessment

Subject Matter Expert at Visa Bureau | Website | + posts

Jacqueline Chow is an international immigration and visa expert with over 15 years of experience in the field. With a background in law and a passion for helping people, Jacqueline has built a reputation as a trusted and reliable source of information and advice on all aspects of immigration and visas. She has worked with clients from all over the world, including high-net-worth individuals, professionals, skilled workers and families. As a sought-after speaker and commentator Jacqueline has been featured in various media outlets and has given talks on immigration and visas at conferences and events around the world.

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