190 Visa: The Secret to Living and Working in Australia


The General Skilled Migration (GSM) program is designed to attract highly skilled and talented individuals from all over the world to come and work in Australia. One of the most popular visas within this program is the Skilled Nominated Subclass 190 visa. This visa is designed for skilled workers who are nominated by a state or territory government in Australia and who have skills that are in demand in that particular region.


The Subclass 190 visa is a permanent residency visa which means that successful applicants can live and work in Australia indefinitely. This visa also allows the applicant to include their family members in their visa application providing them with the opportunity to live and work in Australia as well.


190 Visa Eligibility Criteria


To be eligible for the Subclass 190 visa applicants must meet the following criteria:


  • Age: The applicant must be under 45 years of age at the time of application.


  • Language Proficiency: The applicant must have at least competent English language skills. This can be proven through a variety of English language tests such as the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) or the Pearson test of English (PTE).


  • Skilled Occupation: The applicant must have a nominated occupation that is listed on the relevant skilled occupation list.


  • Skills Assessment: The applicant must have their skills assessed by the relevant assessing authority for their nominated occupation.


  • Points test: The applicant must score a minimum of 65 points on the Points test. Points are awarded based on a variety of factors, including age, English language proficiency, work experience, education, and other factors.


  • Nomination by a State or Territory Government: The applicant must be nominated by a state or territory government in Australia. This nomination will be based on the applicant’s skills and qualifications, as well as the demand for those skills in that particular region.


Application Process for the 190


  • Submit an Expression of Interest (EOI): The first step in the process is to submit an EOI through SkillSelect.


  • Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA): If the applicant meets the eligibility criteria and is deemed to be a suitable candidate for the Subclass 190 visa they will receive an ITA from the Department of Home Affairs.


  • Provide Supporting Documents: The applicant must provide a range of supporting documents, including their skills assessment, English language test results, and other relevant documentation.


  • Attend a Health Assessment: All visa applicants must undergo a health assessment to ensure that they meet the health requirements for entry into Australia.


  • Attend a Character Assessment: All visa applicants must undergo a character assessment to ensure that they meet the character requirements for entry into Australia.


  • Wait for a Decision: Once the visa application has been lodged and all supporting documents have been provided, the applicant will need to wait for a decision to be made on their application.

Benefits of the subclass 190 visa


  • Permanent Residency: The Subclass 190 visa is a permanent residency visa.


  • Work and Study: Holders of the Subclass 190 visa are permitted to work and study in Australia without restriction.


  • Sponsor Family Members: Successful applicants can sponsor their eligible family members.


  • Access to Medicare: Holders of the Subclass 190 visa are eligible for Medicare.


  • Travel: Holders of the Subclass 190 visa are allowed to travel in and out of Australia as often as they choose.


  • Eligibility for Citizenship: Subclass 190 visa holders may be eligible to apply for Australian citizenship.


Understanding State Nomination for the subclass 190 visa


The key requirement for the Subclass 190 visa is nomination by a state or territory government in Australia. Each state and territory has its own list of occupations that are in demand in that region and these lists can vary from one state to another.


The state or territory government will consider a range of factors when deciding whether to nominate an applicant for the Subclass 190 visa including the demand for their skills in that particular region. State nomination is a competitive process, with many applicants vying for a limited number of places.


Applying for 190 Visa


Some States such as New South Wales have a ‘passive’ State Nominee system. This means applicants already in Expression of Interest having ticked NSW as an option may be invited to apply for the NSW State Sponsored Visa. However, States such as South Australia are ‘active’ which means that applications must be in Expression of Interest and applicants must also apply directly to the State of SA to be selected.


The ‘active’ states are New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory. All the others are’ passive’ states.

What is the cost of a 190 visa application to Australia?


  • Visa application fee: The visa application fee for a Subclass 190 visa is AUD 4,045 for the primary applicant.


  • Skill assessment fee: Before applying for the Subclass 190 visa applicants need to have their skills assessed by a relevant assessing authority.


  • English language test fee: Applicants for the Subclass 190 visa will need to provide evidence of their English language proficiency by taking an approved English language test such as IELTS, TOEFL, or PTE Academic. The cost of these is between AUD $200-400.


  • Health and character checks: All applicants for the Subclass 190 visa will need to undergo health and character checks, which may include medical examinations, x-rays and police certificates. The cost of these checks will vary depending on the applicant’s circumstances.

Pros and Cons of the 190 visa


Pros of the Subclass 190


  • Permanent Residency: The Subclass 190 offers permanent residency status.


  • Work and Study: Holders of the Subclass 190 visa are permitted to work and study in Australia without any restrictions.


  • State Nomination: Applicants for the Subclass 190 must be nominated by a state or territory government in Australia which increase their chance of being granted a visa.


  • Medicare: Holders of the Subclass 190 visa are eligible for Medicare


  • Citizenship: After living in Australia Subclass 190 holders may be eligible to apply for Australian citizenship.


Cons of the Subclass 190 visa


  • Limited Occupation List: To be eligible for the Subclass 190 applicants must have an occupation on the relevant skilled occupation list.


  • State Nomination: The requirement for state nomination can be a barrier for some applicants.


  • Points test: Applicants for the Subclass 190 must score a minimum of 65 points on the Points test.


  • English Language Requirement: Applicants must demonstrate a minimum level of proficiency in the English language.


  • Costs: The application fee for the Subclass 190 can be expensive.


  • Residency Requirements: Holders of the Subclass 190 visa must live and work in the Sponsoring State or Territory for two years before being free to live and work anywhere in Australia.

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These are the only occupations eligible to apply for a Subclass 190 visa


aquaculture farmer121111VETASSESS
cotton grower121211VETASSESS
flower grower121212VETASSESS
fruit or nut grower121213VETASSESS
grain, oilseed or pasture grower (Aus) / field crop grower (NZ)121214VETASSESS
grape grower121215VETASSESS
mixed crop farmer121216VETASSESS
sugar cane grower121217VETASSESS
vegetable grower (Aus) / market gardener (NZ)121221VETASSESS
crop farmers (nec)121299VETASSESS
beef cattle farmer121312VETASSESS
dairy cattle farmer121313VETASSESS
mixed livestock farmer121317VETASSESS
pig farmer121318VETASSESS
poultry farmer121321VETASSESS
sheep farmer121322VETASSESS
livestock farmers (nec)121399VETASSESS
mixed crop and livestock farmer121411VETASSESS
sales and marketing manager131112AIM
advertising manager131113AIM
corporate services manager132111VETASSESS
finance manager132211(a) CPAA; or (b) IPA; or © CAANZ
human resource manager132311AIM
research and development manager132511VETASSESS
production manager (forestry)133511VETASSESS
production manager (manufacturing)133512VETASSESS
production manager (mining)133513VETASSESS
supply and distribution manager133611AIM
health and welfare services managers (nec)134299VETASSESS
school principal134311VETASSESS
education managers (nec)134499VETASSESS
ICT project manager135112ACS
ICT managers (nec)135199ACS
arts administrator or manager139911VETASSESS
laboratory manager139913VETASSESS
quality assurance manager139914VETASSESS
specialist managers (nec) except:(a) ambassador; or (b) archbishop; or © bishop139999VETASSESS
cafe or restaurant manager141111VETASSESS
hotel or motel manager141311VETASSESS
accommodation and hospitality managers (nec)141999VETASSESS
customer service manager149212VETASSESS
conference and event organiser149311VETASSESS
transport company manager149413VETASSESS
facilities manager149913VETASSESS
dancer or choreographer211112VETASSESS
music director211212VETASSESS
music professionals (nec)211299VETASSESS
visual arts and crafts professionals (nec)211499VETASSESS
artistic director212111VETASSESS
book or script editor212212VETASSESS
director (film, television, radio or stage)212312VETASSESS
film and video editor212314VETASSESS
program director (television or radio)212315VETASSESS
stage manager212316VETASSESS
technical director212317VETASSESS
video producer212318VETASSESS
newspaper or periodical editor212412VETASSESS
print journalist212413VETASSESS
technical writer212415VETASSESS
television journalist212416VETASSESS
journalists and other writers (nec)212499VETASSESS
company secretary221211VETASSESS
commodities trader222111VETASSESS
finance broker222112VETASSESS
insurance broker222113VETASSESS
financial brokers (nec)222199VETASSESS
financial market dealer222211VETASSESS
stockbroking dealer222213VETASSESS
financial dealers (nec)222299VETASSESS
financial investment adviser222311VETASSESS
financial investment manager222312VETASSESS
recruitment consultant223112VETASSESS
ICT trainer223211ACS
gallery or museum curator224212VETASSESS
health information manager224213VETASSESS
records manager224214VETASSESS
organisation and methods analyst224712VETASSESS
patents examiner224914VETASSESS
information and organisation professionals (nec)224999VETASSESS
advertising specialist225111VETASSESS
marketing specialist225113VETASSESS
ICT account manager225211VETASSESS
ICT business development manager225212VETASSESS
ICT sales representative225213VETASSESS
public relations professional225311VETASSESS
technical sales representatives (nec) including education sales representatives225499VETASSESS
fashion designer232311VETASSESS
industrial designer232312VETASSESS
jewellery designer232313VETASSESS
graphic designer232411VETASSESS
web designer232414VETASSESS
interior designer232511VETASSESS
urban and regional planner232611VETASSESS
primary school teacher241213AITSL
middle school teacher (Aus) / intermediate school teacher (NZ)241311AITSL
education adviser249111VETASSESS
art teacher (private tuition)249211VETASSESS
dance teacher (private tuition)249212VETASSESS
music teacher (private tuition)249214VETASSESS
private tutors and teachers (nec)249299VETASSESS
teacher of English to speakers of other languages249311VETASSESS
occupational health and safety adviser251312VETASSESS
hospital pharmacist251511APharmC
industrial pharmacist251512VETASSESS
retail pharmacist251513APharmC
health promotion officer251911VETASSESS
health diagnostic and promotion professionals (nec)251999VETASSESS
acupuncturist252211Chinese Medicine Board of Australia
traditional Chinese medicine practitioner252214Chinese Medicine Board of Australia
complementary health therapists (nec)252299VETASSESS
dental specialist252311ADC
resident medical officer253112MedBA
nurse educator254211ANMAC
nurse researcher254212ANMAC
nurse manager254311ANMAC
web developer261212ACS
software tester261314ACS
database administrator262111ACS
systems administrator262113ACS
network administrator263112ACS
network analyst263113ACS
ICT quality assurance engineer263211ACS
ICT support engineer263212ACS
ICT systems test engineer263213ACS
ICT support and test engineers (nec)263299ACS
judicial and other legal professionals (nec)271299VETASSESS
careers counsellor272111VETASSESS
drug and alcohol counsellor272112VETASSESS
family and marriage counsellor272113VETASSESS
rehabilitation counsellor272114VETASSESS
student counsellor272115VETASSESS
counsellors (nec)272199VETASSESS
social professionals (nec)272499VETASSESS
recreation officer272612VETASSESS
welfare worker272613ACWA
anaesthetic technician311211VETASSESS
cardiac technician311212VETASSESS
medical laboratory technician311213AIMS
pharmacy technician311215VETASSESS
medical technicians (nec)311299VETASSESS
meat inspector311312VETASSESS
primary products inspectors (nec)311399VETASSESS
chemistry technician311411VETASSESS
earth science technician311412VETASSESS
life science technician311413VETASSESS
science technicians (nec)311499VETASSESS
architectural draftsperson312111VETASSESS
building inspector312113VETASSESS
architectural, building and surveying technicians (nec)312199VETASSESS
mechanical engineering technician312512TRA
metallurgical or materials technician312912VETASSESS
mine deputy312913VETASSESS
hardware technician313111TRA
ICT customer support officer313112TRA
web administrator313113ACS
ICT support technicians (nec)313199TRA
aircraft maintenance engineer (avionics)323111TRA
aircraft maintenance engineer (mechanical)323112TRA
aircraft maintenance engineer (structures)323113TRA
textile, clothing and footwear mechanic323215TRA
metal fitters and machinists (nec)323299TRA
precision instrument maker and repairer323314TRA
watch and clock maker and repairer323316TRA
vehicle body builder324211TRA
vehicle trimmer324212TRA
roof tiler333311TRA
business machine mechanic342311TRA
cabler (data and telecommunications)342411TRA
telecommunications linesworker342413TRA
butcher or smallgoods maker351211TRA
dog handler or trainer361111VETASSESS
animal attendants and trainers (nec)361199VETASSESS
veterinary nurse361311VETASSESS
gardener (general)362211TRA
landscape gardener362213TRA
print finisher392111TRA
printing machinist392311TRA
dressmaker or tailor393213TRA
furniture finisher394211TRA
wood machinist394213TRA
wood machinists and other wood trades workers (nec)394299TRA
chemical plant operator399211TRA
power generation plant operator399213TRA
library technician399312VETASSESS
camera operator (film, television or video)399512TRA
make up artist399514TRA
sound technician399516TRA
performing arts technicians (nec)399599VETASSESS
ambulance officer411111VETASSESS
intensive care ambulance paramedic411112VETASSESS
dental technician411213TRA
diversional therapist411311VETASSESS
enrolled nurse411411ANMAC
massage therapist411611VETASSESS
community worker411711ACWA
disabilities services officer411712VETASSESS
family support worker411713VETASSESS
residential care officer411715VETASSESS
youth worker411716ACWA
diving instructor (open water)452311VETASSESS
gymnastics coach or instructor452312VETASSESS
horse riding coach or instructor452313VETASSESS
snowsport instructor452314VETASSESS
swimming coach or instructor452315VETASSESS
tennis coach452316VETASSESS
other sports coach or instructor452317VETASSESS
sports development officer452321VETASSESS
sportspersons (nec)452499VETASSESS
contract administrator511111VETASSESS
program or project administrator511112VETASSESS
insurance loss adjuster599612VETASSESS
insurance agent611211VETASSESS
retail buyer639211VETASSESS


construction project manager133111VETASSESS
engineering manager133211(a) Engineers Australia; or (b) AIM
child care centre manager134111TRA
nursing clinical director134212ANMAC
primary health organisation manager134213VETASSESS
welfare centre manager134214ACWA
accountant (general)221111(a) CPAA; or (b) CAANZ; or (c) IPA
management accountant221112(a) CPAA; or (b) CAANZ; or (c) IPA
taxation accountant221113(a) CPAA; or (b) CAANZ; or (c) IPA
external auditor221213(a) CPAA; or (b) CAANZ; or (c) IPA
internal auditor221214VETASSESS
land economist224511VETASSESS
management consultant224711VETASSESS
landscape architect232112VETASSESS
other spatial scientist232214VETASSESS
chemical engineer233111Engineers Australia
materials engineer233112Engineers Australia
civil engineer233211Engineers Australia
geotechnical engineer233212Engineers Australia
quantity surveyor233213AIQS
structural engineer233214Engineers Australia
transport engineer233215Engineers Australia
electrical engineer233311Engineers Australia
electronics engineer233411Engineers Australia
industrial engineer233511Engineers Australia
mechanical engineer233512Engineers Australia
production or plant engineer233513Engineers Australia
aeronautical engineer233911Engineers Australia
agricultural engineer233912Engineers Australia
biomedical engineer233913Engineers Australia
engineering technologist233914Engineers Australia
environmental engineer233915Engineers Australia
naval architect233916Engineers Australia
agricultural consultant234111VETASSESS
agricultural scientist234112VETASSESS
medical laboratory scientist234611AIMS
physicist (medical physicist only)234914ACPSEM
early childhood (pre‑primary school) teacher241111AITSL
secondary school teacher241411AITSL
special needs teacher241511AITSL
teacher of the hearing impaired241512AITSL
teacher of the sight impaired241513AITSL
special education teachers (nec)241599AITSL
medical diagnostic radiographer251211ASMIRT
medical radiation therapist251212ASMIRT
nuclear medicine technologist251213ANZSNM
orthotist or prosthetist251912AOPA
occupational therapist252411OTC
podiatrist252611(a) APodA; or (b) ANZPAC
speech pathologist252712SPA
general practitioner253111MedBA
specialist physician (general medicine)253311MedBA
clinical haematologist253313MedBA
medical oncologist253314MedBA
intensive care specialist253317MedBA
renal medicine specialist253322MedBA
thoracic medicine specialist253324MedBA
specialist physicians (nec)253399MedBA
surgeon (general)253511MedBA
cardiothoracic surgeon253512MedBA
orthopaedic surgeon253514MedBA
paediatric surgeon253516MedBA
plastic and reconstructive surgeon253517MedBA
vascular surgeon253521MedBA
emergency medicine specialist253912MedBA
obstetrician and gynaecologist253913MedBA
diagnostic and interventional radiologist253917MedBA
radiation oncologist253918MedBA
medical practitioners (nec)253999MedBA
nurse practitioner254411ANMAC
registered nurse (aged care)254412ANMAC
registered nurse (child and family health)254413ANMAC
registered nurse (community health)254414ANMAC
registered nurse (critical care and emergency)254415ANMAC
registered nurse (developmental disability)254416ANMAC
registered nurse (disability and rehabilitation)254417ANMAC
registered nurse (medical)254418ANMAC
registered nurse (medical practice)254421ANMAC
registered nurse (mental health)254422ANMAC
registered nurse (perioperative)254423ANMAC
registered nurse (surgical)254424ANMAC
registered nurse (paediatrics)254425ANMAC
registered nurses (nec)254499ANMAC
ICT business analyst261111ACS
systems analyst261112ACS
analyst programmer261311ACS
developer programmer261312ACS
software engineer261313ACS
ICT security specialist262112ACS
computer network and systems engineer263111ACS
telecommunications engineer263311Engineers Australia
telecommunications network engineer263312Engineers Australia
a legal admissions authority of a State or Territory
a legal admissions authority of a State or Territory
clinical psychologist272311APS
educational psychologist272312APS
organisational psychologist272313APS
psychologists (nec)272399APS
social worker272511AASW
civil engineering draftsperson312211(a) Engineers Australia; or (b) VETASSESS
civil engineering technician312212VETASSESS
electrical engineering draftsperson312311Engineers Australia
electrical engineering technician312312TRA
radio communications technician313211TRA
telecommunications field engineer313212Engineers Australia
telecommunications network planner313213Engineers Australia
telecommunications technical officer or technologist313214Engineers Australia
automotive electrician321111TRA
motor mechanic (general)321211TRA
diesel motor mechanic321212TRA
motorcycle mechanic321213TRA
small engine mechanic321214TRA
sheetmetal trades worker322211TRA
metal fabricator322311TRA
pressure welder322312TRA
welder (first class)322313TRA
fitter (general)323211TRA
fitter and turner323212TRA
metal machinist (first class)323214TRA
carpenter and joiner331211TRA
painting trades worker332211TRA
fibrous plasterer333211TRA
solid plasterer333212TRA
wall and floor tiler333411TRA
plumber (general)334111TRA
airconditioning and mechanical services plumber334112TRA
roof plumber334115TRA
electrician (general)341111TRA
electrician (special class)341112TRA
lift mechanic341113TRA
airconditioning and refrigeration mechanic342111TRA
technical cable jointer342212TRA
electronic equipment trades worker342313TRA
electronic instrument trades worker (general)342314TRA
electronic instrument trades worker (special class)342315TRA
boat builder and repairer399111TRA
Subject Matter Expert at Visa Bureau | Website | + posts

Jacqueline Chow is an international immigration and visa expert with over 15 years of experience in the field. With a background in law and a passion for helping people, Jacqueline has built a reputation as a trusted and reliable source of information and advice on all aspects of immigration and visas. She has worked with clients from all over the world, including high-net-worth individuals, professionals, skilled workers and families. As a sought-after speaker and commentator Jacqueline has been featured in various media outlets and has given talks on immigration and visas at conferences and events around the world.

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